Brief Guide to Learn About Various Types of Pearls

Whether it is a casual get together or a formal event, pearls suit all types of occasions. To select the right type of pearl, it is important to understand the different types of it.

Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater pearls are derived from freshwater mussels. Pearl jewelry made from these pearls is reasonably priced, long-lasting and available in wide range of colors to choose from. Their thick nacre layer gives them a beautiful luster.

Saltwater Pearls

A saltwater pearl is produced by saltwater oysters in a salty environment. It comes in three types as Tahitian pearls, South Sea pearls and Akoya pearls. It is rounder than the freshwater cultured pearls.

What is the reason that makes saltwater pearls costlier than a freshwater pearl?

As the saltwater oyster produces only one pearl at one time, it makes saltwater pearls expensive than an ordinary freshwater pearl. Another reason is that it requires high labor cost to make a saltwater oyster than the freshwater pearl.

What are the ways to choose a pearl of the best quality?

There are several factors that determine the quality of a pearl. Learning about these factors will get you the pearl of the best quality.

  • Luster is a very significant criterion for selecting a pearl. To check the luster of a pearl, all you need to do is to put your pearl on any white background. Now compare its luster. With a real or a good quality pearl, you can easily see your reflection in it.
  • Surface quality is another measure to find out how blemish-free is your pearl. A pearl that has fewer imperfections, implies that is of superior quality. Such pearls are expensive.
  • Size: By looking at the size of the pearl, you can easily determine its quality. A pearl that is large in size (8mm or more), is more expensive.
  • Shape: The spherical a pearl is, the costlier it is. Pearls with precise round shape are expensive than the ones with an oval or “off round” shape.


Hope the above information has given you an idea about different pearl types. This will help you get the right pearl that suits your style.